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Cytochromes P450 (CYPs)

Cytochromes P450 (CYPs) are proteins of the superfamily containing heme as a cofactor and, therefore, are hemoproteins. CYPs use a variety of small and large molecules as substrates in enzymatic reactions. They are, in general, the terminal oxidase enzymes in electron transfer chains, broadly categorized as P450-containing systems. The term P450 is derived from the spectrophotometric peak at the wavelength of the absorption maximum of the enzyme (450 nm) when it is in the reduced state and complexed with carbon monoxide.Cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A, also known as CYP3A, is a human gene. The CYP3A locus includes all the known members of the 3A subfamily of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of genes. These genes encode monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. The CYP3A cluster consists of four genes:CYP3A4,CYP3A5,CYP3A7, and CYP3A43.
  • Proadifen HCl EY2620

    Proadifen is an inhibitor of cytochrome P450 enzymes, preventing some types of drug metabolism.

  • Terfenadine EY2611

    Terfenadine is an antihistamine, generally completely metabolizes to the active form fexofenadine in the liver by the enzyme cytochrome P450 CYP3A4 isoform.

  • TH-302 EY2425

    TH-302 is selective hypoxia-activated prodrug targeting hypoxic regions of solid tumors with IC50 of 19 nM, demonstrates 270-fold enhanced cytotoxicity under hypoxia versus their potency under aerobic conditions, stable to cytochrome P450 metabolism.

  • Cobicistat EY2427

    Cobicistat (GS-9350) is a potent and selective inhibitor of CYP3A with IC50 of 30-285 nM.

  • Ozagrel HCl EY2349

    Ozagrel HCl is a selective thromboxane A2 synthetase enzyme inhibitors with IC50 of 11 nM, used as antiasthmatic agent.

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